The strategies presented in Part 3 of this report constitute the Wisconsin Suicide Prevention Plan. They align with those in the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention, which was released in 2012.11 Each strategy in the Wisconsin plan includes three guiding principles that were created based on current efforts in the state and input from the Prevent Suicide Wisconsin Steering Committee. The guiding principles provide direction to actions that stakeholders can take to engage in effective suicide prevention efforts. The state updates its suicide prevention plan approximately every five years and will work in the interim to keep stakeholders apprised of advances in the field.
Strategy 1: Increase and Enhance Protective Factors
1A Implement strategies that reduce the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and promote social-emotional development in children.
1B Promote healthy communities by increasing social connectedness in multiple settings, including schools, workplaces, and community, faith-based, cultural, and social organizations.
1C Support efforts, including safe storage of medications and firearms, to reduce access to lethal means by people who are at acute risk of suicide.
Strategy 2: Increase Access to Care for At-Risk Populations
2A Expand access to services for mental health and substance use treatment, as well as for physical health care.
2B Support innovative ways to expand access to care, including technologies and peer-led or other non-clinical support services.
2C Increase the public’s knowledge of risk factors for suicide, recognition of warning signs in individuals, and preparedness to support and respond to those individuals.
Strategy 3: Implement Best Practices for Prevention in Health Care Systems
3A Promote a systematic “Zero Suicide” approach, rooted in the understanding that suicide is preventable in people receiving treatment services.
3B Expand the use of evidence-based screening, assessment, and suicide-specific treatments for those at risk.
3C Improve care transitions for people with suicidal thoughts and behaviors who are discharged from emergency departments or inpatient settings.
Strategy 4: Improve Surveillance of Suicide and Evaluation of Prevention Programs
4A Use Wisconsin data to describe the impact of suicidal thoughts, attempts, and deaths and expand data linkages to further the understanding of suicide.
4B Work in collaboration with existing organizations to standardize and enhance capacity for investigating and reporting suicide deaths.
4C Improve and expand evaluation of suicide prevention programs.